Pica and it's effect

Pica is a compulsive disorder whereby people eat items that have no nutritional value. This usually occur in children to adulthood, autistic people and pregnant women.

Things they regularly eat are; 

*Ice. 
*Sand
*Buttons.
*Dirt
*Soap
*Chalk
*Clay. 
*Paint
*Hair. 
*Eraser
*Wool.
*Remainder of cigarette
*Glue. 
*Wool

Causes of Pica 
1.Deficiency of Iron,zinc or any other nutrients.

2.Person with mental disorder like schizophrenia, OCD may develop pica as coping mechanism.

3.Dieting and malnourishment; they use it to feel full.

4.Crave for texture and flavour of nonfood example sand and clay(nzu). 


Complications: 
#Lead poisoning
#Parasitic infection
#Intestinal blockages
#Choking

Treatment
-Tests will be carried out to check blood level,zinc and other essential nutrients.
-Check for blockages of the intestinal tract
-Mental evaluation
-Consume foods rich in iron like milk,liver etc and calcium rich foods.
-Pregnant women should have fruits handy so as to stop the crave.

Prevention

*Close attention to eating habit.
*Close supervision of children known to put things in the mouth.
*Pregnant women should increase their blood level my taking iron supplements and green vegetables

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